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Cardamom Seeds 100g

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Nameni G, Moradi Y, Zaroudi M, Jamshidi S. Effect of cardamom supplementation on a number of metabolic factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2022;16(6):102523. doi:10.1016/j.dsx.2022.102523 The reason why cardamom can lead to minty fresh breath may have to do with its ability to fight common mouth bacteria ( 19). The two types of cardamom, καρδάμωμον and ἄμωμον, were distinguished in the fourth century BCE by Theophrastus. He reports that some people believed they came from Media, others from India. [14] Uses edit Weiss, E. A. (2002). Spice Crops. CABI. p. 299. ISBN 978-0851996059. Archived from the original on 30 June 2023 . Retrieved 6 October 2020.

Much production of cardamom in India is cultivated on private property or in areas which the government owns and leases out to farmers. [29] Traditionally, small plots of land within the forests (called eld-kandies) where the wild or acclimatised plant existed are cleared during February and March. The brushwood is cut down and burned, and the roots of powerful weeds torn up so as to free the soil. Soon after clearing, cardamom plants spring up all over the prepared plots, and then, if left alone for a couple of years, by that time the cardamom plants may have eight to ten leaves and reach 30 cm (1 ft) in height. In the third year, they may be 120 cm (4 ft) in height. [30] In the following May–June the ground is again weeded, and by September to November a light crop is obtained. In the fourth year, weeding again occurs, and if the cardamoms are found growing nearer than 180 cm (6 ft) apart, a few are transplanted to new positions. The plants bear for three or four years, and historically the life of each plantation was about eight or nine years. The seasons in Malabar are a little later than in Mysore, and according to some reports, a full crop may even be obtained in the third year. It was also believed that above 600 m (2,000 ft), the cardamoms grown are of a better quality than below that altitude. [30]Suneetha, W. J. and Krishnakantha, T. P. Cardamom extract as inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Phytother.Res 2005;19(5):437-440. View abstract. Susilowati, R., et al. (2014). Gastroprotective effects of combination of hot water extracts of turmeric ( Curcuma domestica L.), cardamom pods ( Ammomum compactum S.) and sembung leaf ( Blumea balsamifera DC.) against aspirin–induced gastric ulcer model in rats. In the 19th century, Bombay and Madras were among the principal distributing ports of cardamom. India's exports to foreign countries increased during the early 20th century, particularly to the United Kingdom, followed by Arabia, Aden, Germany, Turkey, Japan, Persia and Egypt. However, some 95% of cardamom produced in India is for domestic purposes, [43] [29] and India is itself by far the most important consuming country for cardamoms in the world. [44] India also imports cardamom from Sri Lanka. In 1903–1904, these imports came to 122,076 kg (269,132 lb), valued at Rs. 1,98,710. In contrast, Guatemala's local consumption is negligible, which supports the exportation of most of the cardamom that is produced. [45] In the mid-1800s, Ceylon's cardamom was chiefly imported by Canada. [46] After saffron and vanilla, cardamom is currently the third most expensive spice, [41] and is used as a spice and flavouring for food and liqueurs and in medicine. [32] Gallery edit In fact, at doses of 12.5 mg per kg (5.7 mg per pound) of body weight, cardamom extract was more effective than a common anti-ulcer medication ( 17).

People may use cardamom for its health benefits. It contains phytochemicals that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Cardamom benefits may also boost heart health and oral health. Swathi, V., et al. (2016). Effect of chewing fennel and cardamom seeds on dental plaque and salivary pH — a randomized controlled trial. Daneshi-Maskooni M, Keshavarz SA, Qorbani M, et al. Green cardamom supplementation improves serum irisin, glucose indices, and lipid profiles in overweight or obese non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019;19(1):59. View abstract. Cumo, Christopher Martin (25 April 2013). Encyclopedia of Cultivated Plants: From Acacia to Zinnia [3 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-775-8.

de Pradier E. A trial of a mixture of three essential oils in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. International Journal of Aromatherapy 2006;16(1):15-20. In one study, rats were fed extracts of cardamom, turmeric and sembung leaf in hot water before being exposed to high doses of aspirin to induce stomach ulcers. These rats developed fewer ulcers compared to rats that only received aspirin ( 16). The FDA does not regulate supplements, so be sure to choose brands that have been tested by a third party if you’re encouraged to try cardamom supplements by a healthcare provider.

Qiblawi, S., et al. (2012). Chemopreventive effects of cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum L.) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice [Abstract]. Kulkarni, Mahesh (2 September 2013). "Cardamom output to fall for second year in a row". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014 . Retrieved 14 November 2014. In one study, researchers exposed two groups of mice to a compound that causes skin cancer and fed one group 500 mg of ground cardamom per kg (227 mg per pound) of weight per day ( 7). Prof. K.M. Chandy – Governor of Gujarat". Raj Bhavan, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012 . Retrieved 15 November 2014. Hunt R, Dienemann J, Norton HJ, et al. Aromatherapy as treatment for postoperative nausea: a randomized trial. Anesth Analg 2013;117(3):597-604. View abstract.In 1873 and 1874, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) exported about 4,100 kg (9,000 lb) each year. In 1877, Ceylon exported 5,039 kg (11,108 lb), in 1879, 8,043 kg (17,732 lb), and in the 1881–82 season, 10,490 kg (23,127 lb) [32] In 1903, 1,600 hectares (4,000 acres) of cardamom growing areas were owned by European planters. The produce of the Travancore plantations was given as 290,000 kg (650,000 lb), or just a little under that of Ceylon. The yield of the Mysore plantations was approximately 91,000 kg (200,000 lb), and the cultivation was mainly in Kadur district. The volume [ clarification needed] for 1903–04 stated the value of the cardamoms exported to have been Rs. 3,37,000 as compared with Rs. 4,16,000 the previous year. [33] India, which ranks second in world production, recorded a decline of 6.7 percent in cardamom production for 2012–13, [34] and projected a production decline of 30–40% in 2013–14, compared with the previous year due to unfavorable weather. [35] In India, the state of Kerala is by far the most productive producer, with the districts of Idukki, Palakkad and Wynad being the principal producing areas. [26] Given that a number of bureaucrats have personal interests in the industry, [ citation needed] in India, several organisations have been set up to protect cardamom producers such as the Cardamom Growers Association (est. 1992) and the Kerala Cardamom Growers Association (est. 1974). Research in India's cardamom plantations began in the 1970s while Kizhekethil Chandy held the office of Chairman of the Cardamom Board. [36] The Kerala Land Reforms Act imposed restrictions on the size of certain agricultural holdings per household to the benefit of cardamom producers. [29]

Later, in the 16th century, the Portuguese became involved in the trade, when it conquered the west coast of India, but the industry did not become of major interest on a wider scale to Europeans until the 19th century. [26] Production practices editAghasi, M., et al. (2019). Beneficial effects of green cardamom on serum SIRT1, glycemic indices and triglyceride levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized double‐blind placebo controlled clinical trial [Abstract].

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